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Hockey (from the old French "hoquet" - "shepherd's staff") is a sports team game. The players are presented with a seemingly simple, but in fact quite difficult to achieve goal - to throw the puck (or the ball) into the opponent's goal with the clubs.

Both classic hockey (the first match was held in 1875), the game in which is played on ice (respectively, the players are skating), and bandy (ball hockey), and field hockey, formed in the middle of the 19th century in England, have their own characteristics , traditions, rules, laws, often unknown to fans and non-professional players. Perhaps that is why there are many myths about this game that we will try to debunk.

The official rules of the game of hockey were formulated about a year after the first match. This is not true. The first match took place on March 3, 1875 in Montreal, and the official rules of ice hockey were published only in 1886, that is, only 11 years later.

A disc-shaped puck is used to play hockey. The first washer was made of wood and had a square shape. Later they began to make it in the form of a small disk. A modern washer made of plastic or vulcanized rubber has the same disc-like shape. Its thickness does not exceed 2.54 cm, diameter is 7.62 cm, weight is 105-185 g. Before the game, the puck is frozen to improve its playing qualities.

In addition, there is ball hockey - bandy (from the old German "bandja" - curved stick) or Russian hockey. This is one of the oldest Russian fun, somewhat different from ordinary hockey by using a ball instead of a puck, the number of players (11 instead of 6) and the size of the field (90-110x50-70 m instead of 60x28-30 m). Back in the Middle Ages, games of this kind were very popular in many countries (knuttlaker in Iceland, curling in Ireland, shinty in Scotland).

Ice hockey skates are best chosen to be slightly larger than those for regular ice skating. Skate selection is an extremely individual process, you need to focus only on your own feelings and choose a size that is personally convenient for you. Some people prefer skates that are smaller than the foot, while others, on the contrary, choose a slightly larger size. In any case, it should be borne in mind that if the skate is too small, the legs will be brought together all the time, which is fraught with a lot of unpleasant sensations. Skates that are too large can be difficult to handle and therefore increase the risk of falling or injuring your ligaments.

After the game, skates must be dried on the battery in order to protect them from rust. Of course, after each skating, skates must be dried, but this should never be done on the battery or over the stove.

Only men play hockey. Completely erroneous opinion. The women's team took part in the Winter Olympics back in 1998, in Nagano, and in 1990, the women's ice hockey world championship was held for the first time.

All hockey sticks are the same. It may seem so only at first glance - the shape of the clubs is really standard. But there are still differences. Beginners most often play with wooden clubs - a practical and inexpensive thing, it’s not a pity to break. Professionals prefer composite clubs, hollow inside - strong and lightweight, although expensive. Moreover, the defenders have harder sticks, and the attackers have softer ones.

The thicker the ice on the hockey rink, the better. Since the thick ice slows down the sliding speed, on the hockey field, its thickness is 7.6 to 10 cm.

Hockey in the NHL is extremely primitive. The composition of the teams has undergone changes, and the leaders of the "new wave" are demonstrating a well-thought-out game full of interesting combinations.

European hockey is very different from Canadian hockey. There is no fundamental difference, although there are some differences in the style of the Americans, due to the smaller size of the site (in Europe - 60x30 m (the Finnish version - 60x28 m), in Canada - 60x26 m). This factor allows you to increase the speed, and, consequently, the entertainment of this exciting game.

Before the game, the coach gathers the team in the locker room and makes a long, heartfelt speech about how important the future victory is, and after that he provides the players with an abundance of advice, in every possible way "tune in to the right wave." In fact, most of the coaches before the game will not "cheat" the atmosphere, much less deliver grandiloquent speeches or sing national anthems to raise the team's morale. Episodes of this kind are extremely rare. Before the game, hockey players, as a rule, prepare their ammunition, warm up, and the coaches discuss the game plan. The coach explains the strategy and tactics of the future game to the team about 5 minutes before going on the ice, during a small meeting. This is where the process of "tuning to the desired wave" usually ends.

During the break, the coach does "serious work" in the dressing room with the team. No, during the break, as well as at the beginning of the match, there are no serious conversations. For the first 10 minutes, the coach allows tired, hot players to cool down, fix their ammunition, drink tea, talk to a doctor (if necessary). The remaining 5 minutes, he briefly gives the necessary instructions, and the team continues the game.

During the time-out, the coach will instruct the team on which form to apply in the future. This is not entirely true. After all, at the end of the fight, the players are tired, therefore they simply will not accept complex long explanations, and there is no time for lengthy lectures on how to behave in the time remaining until the end of the game. The coach's explanations during the time-out are extremely simple and aimed at maximizing the team's chances, if not winning, then at least reducing the score gap or staying at the achieved level.

Hockey fights start spontaneously. No, more often than not, fights have a reason. A sneak kick, the need for an emotional shake-up of the team, incorrect behavior of players on the field provoke collisions. And if two “tough guys” (“fighter”) are on the court at the same time, a fight cannot be avoided. In addition, there is a standard formula ("Shall we start?") And its own unwritten rules for the challenge to the NHL-ovsky fight: one-on-one fight, no surreptitious blows, etc.

"Tough guys" go out on the ice at the direction of the coach. In fact, the "fighters" themselves are well aware of the situation in which their intervention is required. They will obey the coach, but after the match they will definitely express their negative opinion regarding the coach's incorrect behavior. After all, no one tells the goalkeeper before the match that it is necessary to defend the goal, forwards and defenders also do not need additional instructions - why are the “tough guys” worse?

Watch the video: The best hockey skills ever! (August 2022).